Caesalpinia pulcherrima – Germinate the seeds from the bean pods – Growing your Bird of Paradise Plant

SEED PROPAGATION – We are germinating the seeds from our bird of paradise bean pods so that we can plant them along our driveway.

bean pod seeds

caesalpinia pulcherrima – Red Bird of Paradise flowering bushes

Some people like to use the paper-towel method to germinate the Bird of Paradise seeds.

Germinating the bean pod seeds using a paper towel — spray a paper towel with water, put the seeds on it, fold the paper towel over, and wait 24-48 hours.  Do NOT let the paper towel dry out.

seeds in wet paper towel

bean pod seeds germinating

I have several different types of seeds along with the Bird of Paradise Plants soaking on the paper towel above.  Now I’m ready to plant them in peat pots.

germinating seeds

supplies to grow bird of paradise plants from seed

** the cactus cuttings will be in a separate article

Along with the paper towel method for germinating the bean pod seeds;  I also soaked some seeds in a glass of water which you see in the photo above.  The seeds from the pods will become enlarged while they are soaking.  Some of them produced a white shoot.  That is a root and needs to placed facing DOWN in the peat pots.  Cover the seeds lightly with damp soil. Bird of Paradise seeds need at least 8 hours of sun, but not direct sun it will be too hot! You can start to give them a little more direct sun after the first leaves appear.

germinating and planting seeds

planting the seeds from the bean pods

I pour a little water right on top of the seeds everyday making sure it stays moist.

Peat Pots are great and make growing and transplanting your Red Bird of Paradise seedlings much easier. Start your seeds indoors or a protected area outside and when you are ready to plant your Bird of Paradise just put the entire pot in the ground. Roots will penetrate the peat pot and the pot disintegrates enriching the soil.

red bird of paradise

caesalpinia pulcherrima with bean pods

Quick info:  The Red Bird of Paradise (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) has lacy leaves that fold up at night & spread open in the sun.

Bush with orange and yellow flowers in Arizona, Texas – Growing a Red Bird of Paradise plant from bean pods

Use the bean pods to grow your bird of paradise. Caesalpinia Pulcherrima is easy to grow from seed. The heavy monsoon rains in Arizona, have caused an abundance of bushes and shrubs cascading with orange, yellow and red flowers.

Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Red Bird of Paradise, is a species of flowering plant in the Fabaceae, pea family.  Other common names PoincianaPeacock FlowerMexican Bird of ParadiseDwarf PoincianaPride of Barbados, and flamboyan-de-jardin.

This is especially true for the Red Bird of Paradise bushes, genus Caesalpina,  along the roads in Tucson and Phoenix, also common in Texas, Mexico and California.

This drought tolerant plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds.  Are the Bird of Paradise Bean Pods edible?  NO, All Bird of Paradise plants, bushes are poisonous if ingested.

bean pods on caesalpinia pulcherrima

Bean Pods on the Bird of Paradise trees, bushes and shrubs need to turn brown before you can germinate the seeds.  The green bean pods pictured above are too young and need to dry on the desert plant.

Red Bird of Paradise, Caesalpinia pulcherrima,  is native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas and is also the NATIONAL flower of the Caribbean island of Barbados, which is why you may hear it called Pride of Barbados.

red bird of paradise

PLANT AND GROW – How to grow bird of paradise plants, bushes, shrubs from seeds.

To germinate the seeds of your bird of paradise perennial plant first step is to score the hard outer coating.  I use sandpaper to lightly scrape the seeds then soak them in warm water for 24 hours.  They will germinate quickly like most seeds in the bean, Legume family, do.

To grow your Red Bird of Paradise, plant the soaked seed in peat pots.  Cover the seeds lightly with damp vermiculite or a good soil.

You should have bird of paradise seedlings in a few days to a week depending on how hard the outer coat of the seeds are.

peat pots

vermiculite

Bird of Paradise seeds need at least 8 hours of sun, but not direct sun it will be too hot! You can start to give them a little more direct sun after the first leaves appear.

Peat Pots are great and make growing and transplanting your Mexican, Yellow or Red Bird of Paradise seedlings much easier.

Start your seeds indoors and when you are ready to plant your Bird of Paradise just put the entire pot in the ground.  Roots will penetrate the peat pot and the pot disintegrates enriching the soil.

large red bird of paradise bush

The Red Bird of Paradise is a deciduous (loses its leaves) shrub that thrives in  full sun and has bright red and orange flowers that grow on long, thin stalks. The leaves are lacy,  ferny-looking. This is an extremely heat resistant, drought tolerant flowering bush that is a perfect addition to a xeriscape garden.  The Red Bird of Paradise is a fairly fast grower, and can get large, so periodic trimming is suggested.  See the photo above of large flowering bushes commonly seen along the streets in Tucson & Phoenix Arizona along with Texas and California.

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Yellow flowering bush, tree, shrub with round leaves – native Mexican Texas Plants

What is the small tree with yellow flowers in Arizona and Texas?  Caesalpinia mexicana, Mexican Bird of Paradise is a flowering plant species in the pea family, Fabaceae. This drought tolerant, perennial tree is native to Mexico and the extreme lower Rio Grande Valley in Texas.

Caesalpinia mexicana

Mexican Bird of Paradise yellow flowering bush tree

bush with yellow flowers round leaves

Caesalpinia mexicana, Mexican Bird of Paradise

All parts of this Mexican plant are poisonous.  The showy Mexican Bird of Paradise plants, shrubs thrive in dry conditions.  Once the roots are established, they are drought tolerant.  The yellow flowers attract hummingbirds!

yellow flowers and round leaves bush shrub arizona texas

Mexican Bird of Paradise, caesalpinia mexicana

If you are looking for a small shade tree that is flowering and easy to care for; the Mexican Bird of Paradise is the best small shade tree for your yard and a good choice for xeriscape desert gardens.

Caesalpinia mexicana, Mexican Poinciana, does best in full sun.  It is a perennial flowering tree that is drought and heat resistant with rounded leaves and spikes of solid yellow flower clusters.  The fragrant yellow flowers of this Bird of Paradise are very showy and will bloom throughout the year.  The USDA Hardiness Zone is 9.

Texas yellow flowers round leaves bush

Caesalpinia mexicana, Mexican Bird of Paradise Plant

Arizona bush yellow flowers shrub

leaves and yellow flowers of Caesalpinia mexicana, Mexican Plants

In the photo ABOVE see the rounded shape of the leaves and the yellow flowers.of the native Mexican Bird of Paradise.

The Red Bird of Paradise, – commonly but mistakenly called The Mexican Bird of Paradise, –  has Red, Orange and Yellow Flowers that are seen all over Phoenix, Tucson, Southern Arizona, California and Texas.  See the Picture below.

Bush with red flowers arizona texas

Red Bird of Paradise Orange Red Flowers

The Mexican Bird of Paradise bush can be pruned and trained into a small tree, see photo below.

round leaves yellow flowers bush

Mexican Bird of Paradise tree, yellow flowers

Bird of Paradise with yellow flowers round leaves

Mexican Bird of Paradise, Caesalpinia mexicana

Yesterday in my travels through Tucson, AZ,  I noticed a Mexican Bird of Paradise small tree on a property that seemed abandoned.  It is unfortunate that this amazing native Mexican plant is not being treasured.  The good news is I noticed young bean pods that I will harvest when they ripen and dry.

PLANT AND GROW – How to grow bird of paradise plants, bushes, shrubs from Bean Pods 

Germinating the seeds for this Caesalpinia mexicana, Mexican Bird of Paradise, flowering tree will be easy!  I simply soak the seeds from the bean pods in water for 24 hours.  Many people use a damp paper towel.  If you are using the paper towel method to germinate your seeds, if a white shoot appears, plant it – white shoot facing DOWN.

peat pots

To plant and grow your bird of paradise – plant the seed in peat pots, barely cover it.  Cover the seeds lightly with damp vermiculite or your choice of a good soil.

vermiculite

Bird of Paradise seeds need at least 8 hours of sun, but not direct sun it will be too hot! You can start to give them a little more direct sun after the first leaves appear.

Peat Pots are great and make growing and transplanting your Mexican, Yellow or Red Bird of Paradise seedlings much easier. Start your seeds indoors and when you are ready to plant your Bird of Paradise just put the entire pot in the ground. Roots will penetrate the peat pot and the pot disintegrates enriching the soil.