Caesalpinia pulcherrima – Germinate the seeds from the bean pods – Growing your Bird of Paradise Plant

SEED PROPAGATION – We are germinating the seeds from our bird of paradise bean pods so that we can plant them along our driveway.

bean pod seeds

caesalpinia pulcherrima – Red Bird of Paradise flowering bushes

Some people like to use the paper-towel method to germinate the Bird of Paradise seeds.

Germinating the bean pod seeds using a paper towel — spray a paper towel with water, put the seeds on it, fold the paper towel over, and wait 24-48 hours.  Do NOT let the paper towel dry out.

seeds in wet paper towel

bean pod seeds germinating

I have several different types of seeds along with the Bird of Paradise Plants soaking on the paper towel above.  Now I’m ready to plant them in peat pots.

germinating seeds

supplies to grow bird of paradise plants from seed

** the cactus cuttings will be in a separate article

Along with the paper towel method for germinating the bean pod seeds;  I also soaked some seeds in a glass of water which you see in the photo above.  The seeds from the pods will become enlarged while they are soaking.  Some of them produced a white shoot.  That is a root and needs to placed facing DOWN in the peat pots.  Cover the seeds lightly with damp soil. Bird of Paradise seeds need at least 8 hours of sun, but not direct sun it will be too hot! You can start to give them a little more direct sun after the first leaves appear.

germinating and planting seeds

planting the seeds from the bean pods

I pour a little water right on top of the seeds everyday making sure it stays moist.

Peat Pots are great and make growing and transplanting your Red Bird of Paradise seedlings much easier. Start your seeds indoors or a protected area outside and when you are ready to plant your Bird of Paradise just put the entire pot in the ground. Roots will penetrate the peat pot and the pot disintegrates enriching the soil.

red bird of paradise

caesalpinia pulcherrima with bean pods

Quick info:  The Red Bird of Paradise (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) has lacy leaves that fold up at night & spread open in the sun.

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Bushes with bean pods – Orange, Yellow, Red flowering AZ TX desert shrubs – Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Lacy leaves and continually blooming red, orange with a splash of yellow flowers on my Bird of Paradise Arizona shrub. I was worried that the monsoon rains from this week would damage my young Red Bird of Paradise plant. No worries! I have new orange, yellow and red flowers decorating our driveway and the hummingbirds love it.

Arizona and Texas bushes

bushes with bean pods and orange flowers

The Southwest including California, Arizona, and Texas are cascading with these flowering desert plants and hardy drought tolerant bushes.

orange flowering arizona bushes

Bird of Paradise shrub with orange flowers

Some my even think the Red Bird of Paradise is a native plant of Arizona. Actually,  Red Bird of Paradise, Caesalpinia pulcherrima,  is native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas and is also the NATIONAL flower of the Caribbean island of Barbados, which is why you may hear it called Pride of Barbados.

This flowering perennial shrub is one of the easiest desert plants to care for. Red Bird of Paradise is very hardy, drought tolerant once established. (they can have very long taproots) With a little mulch at the base, they come back year after year.

The Red Bird of Paradise

I’ve heard many people in Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona refer to this orange and red desert bush as the Mexican Bird of Paradise (Caesalpinia mexicana). The real Mexican Bird of Paradise has yellow flowers and is larger. The Mexican Bird of Paradise is native to Mexico.

Mexican Bird of Paradise is native to Mexico and has yellow flowers

Red Bird of Paradise in Tucson

The Red Bird of Paradise is a deciduous (loses its leaves) shrub that thrives in  full sun and has bright red, yellow and orange flowers that grow on long, thin stalks. The leaves are lacy,  ferny-looking. The Red Bird of Paradise is a fairly fast grower, and can get large, so periodic trimming is suggested.

yellow and orange flowering bush

A few bean pods are appearing on the Red Bird of Paradise bushes in our yard.  I look forward to propagating the seeds later this season as I’ve already located a sunny spot in our xeriscape desert garden to grow more. Red Bird of Paradise plants are a species in the FABACEAE Family, more commonly known as the pea, bean or legume family.

Bean Pods on Bird of Paradise bush

Bean Pods on Red Bird of Paradise

To germinate the Red Bird of Paradise seeds, I simply soak the seeds from the bean pods in water for 24 hours.  I put them in peat pots, barely cover the seeds. They germinate. Red Bird of Paradise seeds need at least 8 hours of sun, but not direct sun it will be too hot! You can start to give them a little more direct sun after the first leaves appear.

Peat Pots are great and make growing and transplanting your Red Bird of Paradise seedlings much easier. Start your seeds indoors and when you are ready to plant your Bird of Paradise just put the entire pot in the ground. Roots will penetrate the peat pot and the pot disintegrates enriching the soil.