Ligo Circle of Appreciation – Latvian people celebrate life

I extend my apology for taking extra time to respond while on hiatus. Words and Herbs,  and the Circle of Appreciation is a lovely, encouraging way to return with my Arizona blog.

Ligo Circle of Appreciation

Cathy had done background history on the Ligo Circle of Appreciation and mentioned Latvian people join circles around bonfires and celebrate life.  This is very special to me because I am a nature lover.

Through my research I found that Latvians love nature and enjoy time spent at lakes, forests and summer cottages.  The LIGO CELEBRATION in Latvia is a time of unifying with Mother Nature.  It is a time to recall the customs of their ancestors and listen careful to the voice in the heart…

This is NOT an award this is a circle of people that have a friendly attitude and appreciation towards nature.

To appreciate the Ligo Celebration in action click on the youtube video – Ligo celebration in Riga, Latvia (mid summer day)

Here’s our Līgo Circle of Appreciation among fellow bloggers…

For the duration of 22 days we will be inviting 2 bloggers per day to join the Līgo Circle of Appreciation.  

My appreciation of nature and this circle of friends is very important to me and I’m honored to add other’s to the Circle.  Though I’m late on returning,  this is important and I am going to continue.  

PLEASE NOTE: This is an Appreciation, NOT an Award.

To fully participate in the Līgo Circle of Appreciation: ~ * Complete this sentence about blogging: ”A great blog is…

* Refer back to the blogger who invited you

* Invite 2 bloggers to join the Līgo Circle of Appreciation on a post

  • To me a great blog is a positive experience.  “Living is a long process of learning.”  A great blog teaches something new or something we may have forgot.  It gives you an opportunity to experience through another person.  You may travel to other countries for nature, local food, wildlife, communities, and so much more…  The journeys are endless!
  • What an honor to be given an invitation in the Ligo Circle of Appreciation by one of my favorite, most interesting blogs to follow…Words and Herbs   Did I mention delicious?  Cathy’s yummy recipes are easy to make and a hit with my family!  She includes amazing photos and information on herbs and flowers in the state of Bavaria located in Germany.
  • I would like to invite the two following blogs:
  1. Travel to Singapore and visit Sydney’s AddGrainOnEarth  Sydney will tell you,
    “Every post has its own characteristic.  It conveys a story of its own, and the life of its owner.”
  2. For The Love of Clouds and Living Things as Vicki states,  “I also have a love for all things of nature and feel blessed to live in an area where there is an abundance of natural beauty, that being Vancouver Island.”

“Life is full of beauty. Notice it. Notice the bumble bee, the small child, and the smiling faces. Smell the rain, and feel the wind. Live your life to the fullest potential, and fight for your dreams.”  ~ Ashley Smith

Grow your Bougainvillea Plant in containers and pots. They LOVE IT !!

Will my Bougainvillea plant grow in a container?  Yes and it will be a very happy plant.  Bougainvilleas do great in most types of pots and containers.  These plants are not easy to transplant so make sure the pot you choose is big enough to last the Bougainvillea for years to come.

Although they like their roots crowded in a container, Bougainvilleas do not like standing water.  Make sure your pot has good drainage so the Bougainvillea does not get root rot.

Bougainvillea flowering bush shrub

Growing Bougainvillea in large pots

Fill your container with potting soil and place the bougainvillea plant inside.  Find a sunny location and it will be easy to keep your Bougainvillea happy and healthy.

growin Bougainvillea in pots

Bougainvillea plants on your patio

Bougainvilleas have beautiful red, pink and purple colored bracts, which are specialized leaves that contain the plant’s white slender flowers.

Bougainvillea plants can grow rather large so they must be kept pruned in pots and containers.  You can train your Bougainvillea to grow up a trellis or in the shape of a tree.

growing bougainvilleas shrubs

Pink Bougainvillea thriving in a large container

During the winter, Bougainvillea plants can be most striking and provide gardens with abundant color.  Winter is when Bougainvillea Vines and Plants reach their peak color.

heat resistant plants Bougainvillia

Bougainvillias are tropical plants that are heat tolerant

The small heart shaped bracts of the Bougainvillea are quite delicate to the touch, and are crinkly in appearance.

can I grow bougainvilleas in containers

Bougainvillea potted plant growing up a trellis

How long will a Bougainvillea plant display their color?  The length of time depends on how much sun and heat it receives and how healthy the Bougainvillea plant is.

Typically, a healthy Bougainvillea will bloom for about 3 weeks.

Bougainvilleas love sun and more sun.  They are heat tolerant and the hotter the better.  At the very minimum Bougainvilleas need at least 5 hours of direct sunlight.

Desert flowering vines

Bougainvillea pink leaves and white flowers

Supply your Bougainvillea with regular monthly fertilization.  Nitrogen and phosphates are critical to flowering.  One of the best Bougainvillea fertilizers I’ve come across so far is BOUGAIN.

Pink flowers on Bougainvillea plants are leaves

large containers to grow Bougainvillea Plants

You can prune your Bougainvillea any time during the year because it does not affect bloom initiation.  If you want the Bougainvillea to grow up, then prune the outer branches.  If you want your Bougainvillea to grow out, then prune the new growth.  Trim your Bougainvillea drastically before bringing it inside for winter.

Bougainvillea tree plants

Bougainvilleas blooming in pots

Bougainvillea plants and vines have a BLOOM CYCLE followed by a rest cycle whether you trim them or not.

I recommend a little trim or pinching at the end of each Bougainvillea bloom cycle as it promotes more budding for the next one.  Our plants just ended a bloom cycle so I will be trimming Bougainvilleas this week.

A Great Blue Heron in Tucson, AZ – Facts and pictures about the Blue Heron Wading Bird


I’ve been watching the wading birds at Agua Caliente and I added some new Great Blue Heron photos.

Originally posted on Tj's Garden:

Wading on its long, thin legs, a Great Blue Heron bird, A rdea herodias,  scouts for prey. This wading bird is in the heron family,  Ardeidae .
Ardea herodias, largest of North American herons

Great Blue Heron bird in Tucson, AZ

The tall GREAT BLUE bird is the most common and largest of North American HERONS.

grey wading bird

Blue Heron by grass

The Great Blue Heron is found as far north as the southern Canadian provinces.  From the southern United States southwards, and on the Pacific coast Great Blue Herons are year round residents.

This wading bird can be found in a range of habitats, swamps, flooded meadows, fresh and saltwater marshes, or shorelines.  You will find Great Blue Herons close to bodies of water and usually nesting in bushes or trees.

clear photo of Great Blue

These stately herons are expert fishersGreat Blue Herons snare their prey by walking slowly, or standing still

View original 351 more words

Pruning Desert Bird of Paradise bushes and shrubs – Red, Yellow, Orange Flowers

flowering desert shrubs called Mexican Bird of Paradise

Arizona Desert Bushes with Red Orange Flowers

When should you prune desert bird of paradise shrubs?

Caesalpinia pulcherrima plant with red flowers

Red Bird of Paradise shrubs blooming in the desert

Pruning your Red Bird of Paradise,  Caesalpinia pulcherrima , which is what I have, should be in late winter or early spring.

Arizona bushes with red flowers

Red Bird of Paradise is sometimes called Mexican Bird of Paradise

I pruned mine a few weeks ago with a sharp pair of garden sheers. Many people cut these plants almost to the ground. I don’t, I prune my Red Bird of Paradise bushes about 18 inches from ground level.

Red Bird of Paradise cutting

Trimming Caesalpinia pulcherrima – pruning desert Bird of Paradise bushes

Red, Yellow and Mexican Bird of Paradise bushes, trees, and shrubs thrive in dry conditions; once established, they are drought tolerant plants, with fern looking leaves blooming with orange, red or yellow flowers.

Texas shrubs with orange red flowers

Red Desert Bird of Paradise, drought tolerant plants

The Yellow and Mexican Bird of Paradise need very little pruning.

Caesalpinia gilliesii is a drought tolerant desert shrub

Yellow Bird of Paradise has red stamens and yellow flowers

Caesalpinia gilliesii, or sometimes called Yellow Bird of Paradise or Desert Bird of Paradise is a shrub that has been naturalized in Texas;  planted as to give an effect of wild growth and may some year be considered native in the rest of the southwestern US.  In the photo below see the yellow bird of paradise, Caesalpinia gilliesii.

TX bush with yellow flowers and bean pods

Yellow flowering Bird of Paradise, Caesalpinia gilliesii

This yellow flowering desert shrub has clusters of beautiful yellow flowers with long red stamens.  The Yellow Bird of Paradise is a fast growing, upright shrub that is originally from Argentina.  Pruning your Yellow Bird of Paradise bush will encourage dense growth.

Caesalpinia gilliesii mistaken for Mexican Bird of Paradise

Yellow blooming Bird of Paradise desert bush in AZ TX CA

Yellow BOP is drought tolerant and very durable, also cold and heat tolerant. Exposure to full sun is best for ALL Bird of Paradise Plants.   The yellow bird of paradise shrub is toxic.  

drought tolerant desert bush shrub

Yellow Bird of Paradise with Red Stamens

This Hardy Bird of Paradise shrub can grow to the height of 10 ft.

In the early Spring, prune to remove dead or damaged stems.  In the summer water your Yellow Bird of Paradise every week.  Water it deeply to stimulate an effective root system and tap-root.

The Mexican Bird of Paradise bush can be pruned and trained into a small tree, see photo below.

Mexican Bird of Paradise tree, well pruned

Mexican Bird of Paradise tree, well pruned

desert shrub with yellow flowers in Arizona

Caesalpinia mexicana, Mexican Bird of Paradise with yellow flowers

In the photo ABOVE see the yellow flowers and rounded shape of the leaves on the Mexican Bird of Paradise bush or tree.

Caesalpinia mexicana

Mexican Bird of Paradise small tree with yellow flowers

Whether you pick the Yellow, Mexican or Red Bird of Paradise shrubs or trees,  you are certainly choosing a winner for your desert garden!

Poisonous Black Widow Spiders – facts, webs and identification

What do you do when you find a Black Widow Spider?  Although spiders are important for the ecosystem and very beneficial to a garden, widow spiders are considered the most venomous spiders in North America.

Latrodectus, western widow spider poisonous

large female black widow with the red hourglass marks

Black Widow spiders are the most common species that belong to the Latrodectus genus, in the Theridiidae family. 

The web of a widow spider, Latrodectus,  looks like it was haphazardly thrown together.  The photo below shows silk strands grouped together with bits of leaves and sticks in the web.

black widow spider web photo

web of the black widow spider is tossed together with strands of silk

Black widow spiders tend to make their webs close to the ground in undisturbed areas.  The female widow spider is quite the homebody and likes to stay in her web.

Latrodectus genus of spider, in the family Theridiidae

a young spider and female black widow spider

Juveniles and adult male Latrodectus are much smaller than the female spiders and are a light brown or grey color.  Usually the male widow spider has several red, orange marks on his belly along with yellow or white bands on the top of the abdomen.


Latrodectus is a genus of spider which has 32 species, with varying markings and colors. The more common name is WIDOW SPIDERS.

Widow spiders belong to the cobweb spider family. They spin unorganized, irregular, messy webs to catch insects.

The black widow spider is shy and rarely leaves the web.  She prefers to make her home in dark, protected areas. Being nocturnal, this spider does its hunting at night.

spider with red marks

female widow spiders are larger than the males

It is wise to be cautious of this poisonous spider! Widow spider bites are dangerous because of the neurotoxin that causes the condition latrodectism - which is seizures and pain in muscle groups. 

brown spider with markings

juvenile and male black widow spiders are brown and smaller than the female

The female Latrodectus spider has extra-large venom glands and her bite is particularly harmful to humans.

In humans and dogs the widow spider bite can produce muscle aches, nausea, and a paralysis of the diaphragm that can make breathing difficult.  Most people bitten do not suffer serious damage or death.  A black widow spider bite can be fatal to small children, the sick and elderly.

Is the black widow spider bite fatal to dogs?  This is a big concern for me as I have two beloved dogs running about the yard.  This harmful spider bite to a dog is basically the same as it is to us humans.

Young dogs, older and those dogs with weaker immune systems are at higher risk for complications from a black widow spider bite.   ****Anti-venom drugs are available but need to be administered by your veterinarian.

Fortunately,  widow spiders are non-aggressive and bite only in self-defense.

poisonous spiders

spiders with large abdomens

Symptoms of a poisonous widow spider bite -

Once the spider’s poison reaches the blood, the venom is moved by circulation, causing its toxins to be deposited in the ends of the nerves that are inserted into the muscle.

The widow spider’s venom acts at nerve endings to prevent relaxation of muscles, causing seizures  —  constant, and painful muscle contractions.

Cramping in the stomach is often the most severe symptom but leg and back muscles may be affected also.

What to do after being bit by a widow spider?  SEEK medical attention after a poisonous spider bite.  Poison Control Website  or American Association of Poison Control  -  1-800-222-1222

Pictured below is the size difference between a male and female widow, Latrodectus, spider.

female widow spider is larger

size of male, female widow spiders, Latrodectus

Most people will recognize widow spiders by the hourglass markings on the underside of their abdomens. The hourglass mark is NOT present in ALL Latrodectus species.

The young female spider is more of a brown color with yellowish, white stripes across the top abdomen that change into the red hourglass shape as she ages and darkens to her black spider color.

most poisonous spiders

juvenile female black widow spider with white and yellow marks

The male widow spider is much smaller in size with brown coloring, and lacks the red hourglass mark the female is recognized for.

black widow before she turns black

young widow spider with yellow-orange marks on abdomen

spider white yellow marks

Latrodectus, widow spider with yellow marks, red dots on large abdomen

One way to rid yourself of a black widow spider is spray the web!  Wear protective gloves and spray the web well.  Spiders consume their old webs before they spin a new one.  Be careful always!

Latrodectus genus of spider, in the family Theridiidae

hourglass marking is common for poisonous widow spiders

dangerous harmful widow spiders

poisonous spider with white and yellow marks

In arid parts of Arizona, Latrodectus spiders inhabit almost every crevice in the soil and nests can be found in cholla cacti and agave plants.

Black Widow Spiders like undisturbed areas.  Keeping your home clean and vacuumed can help prevent these dangerous spiders from taking up residence in your house.

Journey inside Colossal Cave Mountain Park – southern Arizona’s dormant cave

Before entering Colossal Cave it was essential for me to educate myself and obtain some cave basics.  The facts and information I learned about limestone caves made my trip profoundly interesting.  Below is my humble, condensed version :)

Colossal Cave is an archaic KARST (meaning erosion has produced fissures, sinkholes, caverns and underground streams) CAVE.

Colossal Cave is a Karst cave

Karst region

Karst caves have 3 categories:  limestone, gypsum and quartzite.

Colossal Cave is limestone and considered dormant, “dry”.  A dry cave is without drips of water, streams or pools.  How was the cave formed?  Here is a short, simple answer:

  • Precipitation mixes with carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and decaying organic material in the soil.
  • When Carbon dioxide is dissolved in water it forms carbonic acid. The carbonic acid begins to form holes in rocks, seeps into crevices and dissolves the rocks, especially limestone; but very slowly.  (Thousands of years)
    rock crevices and joints.
  • Cavities form and further sculpting can occur from water and chemical weathering.
  • After passing through limestone, the acid water contains a dis-solvable calcium carbonate.  As this solution de-gases through exposure to air by way of splashing, dripping or flowing, it loses carbon dioxide and deposits a solid mineral called calcite.
  • Calcite is the main mineral component in CAVE FORMATIONS, (speleothems).
Calcite, which gets its name from “chalix” the Greek word for lime, is a most amazing and yet, most common mineral. – See more at:

The SPELEOTHEMS in Colossal Cave no longer grow. This cave formed by water depositing limestone that has NOW disappeared.  Close by, in the same mountain park, are Arkenstone and La Tetera Caves with active growing formations.  ** look for a future article on both…

dormant speleothems in Colossal Cave

crystallized calcium carbonate formations

The most abundant mineral in limestone is calcite (calcium carbonate).  The majority of limestone formed on ANCIENT ocean floors.

Calcite is a main component used by echinoderms, like sea urchins, starfish, and sand dollars to make their spines and skeletonsCalcium carbonate (calcite),  is found in the shells of marine organisms and truly is one of the MOST abundant minerals on earth!

In the marine environment, if the conditions are right, calcite is stable enough that it can cement together sediments and overtime make limestone.

calcite in the ocean water

limestone towers in the Atlantic ocean

On occasion another element may be present while calcite is being formed (ex: magnesium) and take the place of a calcium atom.

A less stable aragonite is a polymorph of calcite. They are both calcium carbonate but have different crystal shapes and symmetries.  The calcium, oxygen and carbon atoms in aragonite bond together differently creating a unique crystal structure.

Ok this is plenty of background information so now journey with me to Colossal Cave Mountain Park!

what to do in Tucson

The retaining wall and Visitor’s Center at Colossal Cave

The elevation of Colossal Cave Mountain Park is about 3,500 feet.  The temperature of the cave averages 70 degrees Fahrenheit.  No extra clothing is needed but feel free to carry water or a camera.

Colossal Cave in Vail, Arizona

walkway outside of Colossal Cave entrance

Frank Schmidt was monumental in the improvements and preservation of Colossal Cave by handing over his leases to the State of Arizona.  You can find information and historical photographs at La Posta Quemada Ranch Museum.

preserved Colossal Cave

Frank Schmidt statue at the cave


good picnics and kids activities at this Tucson park

bring the family and spend the day at this Arizona park

In 1879, Solomon Lick, the owner of the nearby hotel, was searching for stray cattle and discovered the entrance to this cave.

Arizona historical sites to see

professional guides take you through this historical landmark

Thousands of years ago Colossal Cave was used by Hohokam, Sobaipure and Apache Indians.  Travel down the road to the ranch museum for a fascinating display.

Indian historical sites in Arizona

Hohokam, Sobaipuri, Apache and Papago Indians used Colossal Cave

Two Indian skeletons were found in Colossal Cave by archaeologist Byron Cummings.  ~~courtesy of Colossal Cave’s website

must see historical sites in Tucson, AZ

Colossal Cave has 363 steps

What is a crystal?  Simply put, it is a mineral that had a chance to grow how it was meant to be.  When and where crystals form depends on the type of mineral being formed.  Most crystals are found in areas, like caves, because they take a long time to form.

Crystals form from 2 processes:

  1. nucleation
  2. crystal growth in a saturated liquid solution

The majority of mineral crystals take thousands of years to grow.  The growth continues until the saturation is stopped or the cave dries out.

Most crystals in a cave are calcite or aragoniteSee my paragraphs at the top of this article.

visotors must see in Tucson, Arizona

calcite in the cave

Our cave adventure was the Basic Tour.  The Ladder and Wild Cave Tours are more advance and take you through deeper less seen areas of Colossal Cave.   click here for Colossal Cave Tour Information

history of Colossol Cave in AZ, USA

experts determined this was an area for sleeping and even playing a game of cards

Your tour guide will tell the story of the bandits who hid out in Colossal Cave.  These outlaws even played cards in the Colossal Cave Living Room. Legend has it that the gold from the train robbers is still inside the cave!

Colossal Cave is a dry dormant cave

Ladder and Wild Cave tours

it is worth seeing Colossal Cave

watch your head inside the cave

Stay with the tour group.  Our guide really wasn’t kidding when she said the group might go left and you’ll go right and be lost for hours in Colossal Cave.

Take a peak in the wedding room! This Colossal Cave room maybe a beautiful area to renew our vows.

small wedding at Tucson's Colossal Cave

this room is for small weddings

Tectonic activity is noticeable in Colossal Cave.  Your guide will point out a fault in the earth’s crust.

Colossal Cave spelunking

Wild Cave Tours and Ladder Tours

adventures to do at Colossal Cave in Arizona

this desert cave is an ADVENTURE

Colossal Cave’s formations, speleothems, are created by the same water that dissolved the calcite in the limestone —- then deposited the calcite in other areas of the cave.

historical caves in Arizona

stalagmites and stalactites in Colossal Cave

Stalactites – “c” for ceiling – hang from the top of caves like icicles

stalagmites and stalactites

cave formations with labels

Stalagmites – “g” for ground - emerge from the ground like a traffic cone

Because Colossal Cave is DRY;  the appearance of these speleothems is different than living caves.

calcite deposits in Colossal Cave

formations in limestone caves

Calcite builds up into curtains and flows down cave walls like waterfalls.

cave adventures in Arizona

Stalactites hang from the ceiling in caves

The length and thickness of the calcite grows as the water continues to drip.  Stalactites can take thousands of years to form.

Layers of calcite build up into fluted curtains.
Layers of calcite build up into fluted curtains.
the best parks in Tucson, Arizona

breathtaking views inside Colossal Cave

over 350 steps inside the cave

our wonderful tour guide at Colossal Cave

We received bat education from our cave guide.  Bat poop is called Guano.  It makes good fertilizer and some companies use guano in lipstick.  Guano in lipstick is called guanomine.  Glad I do not use lipstick!

FDR's Conservation Corp

Civilian Conservation Corps designated by President Roosevelt

In the 1930′s, a Civilian Conservation Corps designated by President Roosevelt worked tirelessly building the retaining wall outside and improving the inside of Colossal Cave.

President Roosevelts CCC at Colossal Cave

The Civilian Conservation Corps, CCC, put in the railings and stairs

The CCC, Civilian Conservation Corps, constructed the stairs, bridges and handrails inside Colossal Cave.  The historic office and museum of the CCC is located at La Posta Quemada Ranch.

Colossal Cave repairs and protection

Civilian Conservation Corps, CCC, helping Colossal Cave

While visiting Colossal Cave do adventure down the valley to La Posta Quemada Ranch.

The ranch at Colossal Cave Mountain Park has been a working ranch since 1878.

activities to do in Tucson

La Posta Quemada Ranch at Colossal Cave Park

Resident cowboys handle the ranch operations along with trail rides, hayrides, cookouts and horseback riding.

what to do in Tucson, Arizona

visit the historical Ranch at Colossal Cave Park

Colossal Cave Ranch headquarters has the museum, gift shop, bat and cave exhibits.  We ordered burgers, cooked out on the grill, and ate inside this Colonial Spanish-style historic house.  The Desert Spoon Fresh-Air Cafe cooked up some of the best burgers we ever had!

The cowboys at Colossal Cave Mountain Park ride you through the Historic National Mail Stagecoach Route.  Reservations are required.  see Colossal Cave website

what to do in Tucson, Arizona

Horseback riding and Cowboy cookouts at the Ranch

La Posta Quemada Ranch in Arizona

history at the museum in the Ranch house

Several movies were filmed inside and around Colossal Cave.  Enjoy the movie exhibit inside the Ranch Headquarters.

disney movie at the cave

movies filmed inside Colossal Cave

history of Colossal Cave outside of Tucson

Night of the Lepus movie at Colossal Cave

We spent quite a bit of time observing the Desert Tortoise.  These are one of the hardiest creatures of the Arizona Sonoran Desert.  Some even call tortoises “living dinosaurs”.  The Colossal Cave Mountain Park Tortoise exhibit is well done.

things to do at Colossal Cave near Tucson

Tortoise exhibit at the ranch

Colossal Cave and the historic La Posta Quemada Ranch are listed on the National Historic Register.  Our adventure to the park was stimulating and we look forward to bringing a picnic or camping in the near future.  Our campsite at Colossal Cave will have to be close enough to feast on the Desert Spoon Burgers!



Is Agua Caliente Park and natural spring drying up? (part 3 of 3)

As many of you know, Agua Caliente Park is experiencing the full force of the extended drought and change in the water table level.

There were originally two springs at Agua Caliente, one a “Hot Spring” and the other a “Cold Spring”.  The two springs produced a water flow of up to 500 gallons per minute.

Agua Caliente’s springs were blasted in the mid-1930′s reducing the water flow to 150 – 300 gallons per minute.  The spring was again blasted in the early 1960′s which cut the water flow down to 100 to 125 gallons per minute!

Agua Caliente Spring in Tucson

the water level is low at Agua Caliente Pond

During Tucson’s drought of 2003-4, the water flow from Agua Caliente’s spring fell as low as 14 gallons per minute.  Pima County Parks and Recreation put in a supplemental well.   Arizona Department of Water Resources limits the water withdrawal to 55,000 gallons of supplemental well water for the pond each day.

low water levels in the pond

is Agua Caliente drying up?

The exposed mud at the park is due to increasing natural sedimentation in the pond, declining spring flow from the ongoing drought, and insufficient recharge from rainfall.

Pima County is working to stabilize Agua Caliente’s pond system and minimized ecological impacts to the system.

is Agua Caliente Spring drying up

warning signs for the exposed areas

Evaporation from the pond surface and transpiration from the cattails and palm trees growing around Agua Caliente’s pond contribute to extra water loss.

Tucson's natural spring is dry?

Agua Caliente streams are dry

Analysis is ongoing for the framework for the long-term actions to address the low water conditions at Agua Caliente.

Over the years, the water holding capacity of the pond has changed.  Renovations will need installation of some type of liner system.  Contouring the pond is a main focus for long-term stability.


natural spring and pond in Tucson

heavy rains have helped raise the water levels

wading birds at Agua Caliente in Tucson

Great Blue Herons enjoying the rains and abundant cattails

Agua Caliente Park has an abundance of wildlife

Mud and Painted turtles are still happy basking in the sun

This is a complex issue that needs the public’s understanding and acceptance as Tucson gives new life to the aging historical pond.

Pima County hopes to include improvements to Agua Caliente Park in the next bond election.

For more interesting information about Agua Caliente in Tucson see the links below: